The name of Tinsukia is derived
from the name 'Tinikonia' which means triangular. In fact, there
exists one triangular tank (pukhuri) at Tinsukia, and the
triangular is called as 'Tinsukia' in Assamese. Earlier it was
the kingdom of Motok Raja Sarbananda Singh and it was a village
called 'Bangmara'. With the establishment of several
tea-gardens and development of coal-mining etc. at Margherita, a
Railway line was laid which was called as Dibru-Sadiya Railway
and was owned by a British Company called Assam Railways &
Trading Co. Ltd. The Railway line passed through this township
and rail station was near this historical pukhuri called as
Tinikonia Pukhuri and accordingly the Railway Station was named
as TINSUKIA or TINISUKIA. This is the event of 1904 or 1905.
Thereafter this township being surrounded by several teagardens
and started to grow. By the discovery of Oil and establishment
of 1st Oil Refinery of the country at Digboi the
growth of Tinsukia Town also picked up a speed. The 1st
tea garden of Assam is “Chabua” which is also not far away from
Tinsukia. The biggest tea gardens like “Powai” now owned by
Tata is also in the present Tinsukia district.
township of Tinsukia was earlier a part of 'Lakhimpur' District
having district Headquarter at Dibrugarh. After bifurcation of
'Lakhimpur' district, two districts were made. 1st
North Lakhimpur and 2nd Dibrugarh. Then Tinsukia
came under Dibrugarh district and later on in the year 1973
Tinsukia was made Sub-Divisional Headquarter under Dibrugarh
In the year 1989
Tinsukia was declared a separate District with three
Sub-Divisions, i.e. Tinsukia, Margherita and Sadiya which is the
present political position.
Before 1976 all the
Judicial Courts were functioning at Dibrugarh, though Tinsukia
was declared a Sub-Division in the year 1973.
1975 the Judicial history of Tinsukia started with the
establishment of two Courts i.e. (i) the Court of the SDJM and
(ii) the Court of the Munsiff. The 1st SDJM was Sri
B.N. Sharma (who retired as District Judge) and the 1st
Munsiff was Mr. M.M. Sarkar (who also retired as District Judge)
workload of the Courts at Tinsukia was heavy and on the
representation of the Bar Association of Tinsukia as well as of
the general public, the Court of the Asstt. District & Sessions
Judge was established at Tinsukia in the year 1986 and Sri P.K.
Thakur was 1st Asstt. District & Sessions Judge. In
the mean time two more judicial courts (one of 1st
Class and another of Judicial Magistrate) were also established.
declared an independent district in the year 1989. But the Court
of District & Sessions Judge was established in the year 1992
and the 1st District & Sessions Judge was Mr. P N.
The Court of the CJM
was established in the year 1990 and the 1st CJM was
Mr. B.C. Medhi.
In the year
2000-2001 two Fast Track Courts were established and the 1st
Presiding Officers were Mrs. Jwahira Begum, who later on became
the first lady District & Sessions Judge and Mrs. Dr. Indira
Shah (now elevated as Judge of the Hon’ble Gauhati High court).
personalities like Mr. B.D. Agarwal has also served at Tinsukia
Court as District & Sessions Judge and who is now functioning as
the Judge of Hon’ble Gauhati High court. Tinsukia is also the
birth place of Mr. Safiqul Haque, who was the Acting Chief
Justice of Gauhati High court. At present strength of Judiciary
at Tinsukia is in double digit i.e. (1) District & Sessions
Judge, (2) Two Fast Track Courts, (3) Asstt. District & Sessions
Judge, (4) CJM, (5) Addl.CJM, (6) SDJM, (7) Two Munsiffs, (8) 2nd
Class Judicial Magistrate and (9) Special Railway Magistrate